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COMBAT DISEASES


GENDER INEQUALITY'S DEADLY TOLL

In its inaugural report on women's health from the cradle to the grave, the World Health Organization found that HIV is the #1 killer of women ages 15 to 49 worldwide and that unequal access to sex education and health care leads to millions of preventable deaths each year. Traffic accidents, suicide and breast cancer are the top causes of death in high-income nations, while HIV/AIDS, maternal conditions (such as dying during childbirth and unsafe abortions) and tuberculosis account for 1 in 2 female deaths in poorer countries.

Top 10 causes of death for women ages 20 to 59 worldwide:

HIV/AIDS—835,000
Maternal conditions—453,000
Heart disease—429,000
Stroke—360,000
Tuberculosis—313,000
Breast cancer—223,000
Suicide—204,000
Lower-respiratory infection—190,000
Traffic accident—172,000
Pulmonary disease—149,000

Source of information: World Health Organization

OTHER NUMBERS

5,000--Estimated number of people infected with cholera per day in wartorn Yemen, according to a new World Health Organization report.

30 million--Number of rubella and measles vaccines that Brazil's top biomedical center will produce for countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

--HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths are falling dramatically throughout the world, due to better access to anti-retroviral drugs. Deaths have dropped from a peak of 2.3 million in 2005 to 1.6 million, while infections have fallen by 33%, to 2.3 million, according to a new United Nations report. (BBCNews.com)